Gardd Fotaneg Genedlaethol CymruNational Botanic Garden of WalesNational Botanic Garden of Wales
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Fascination of Plants Day 7: Royal Fern

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Fossil evidence suggests that royal fern Osmunda regalis has changed little in 180 million years – it’s like looking at a living fossil.

It evolved on the supercontinent Gondwanaland before there were any flowering plants, bees, ants and birds. Growing up to 2.5m high, you can imagine large dinosaurs feasting on its juicy leaves.

We’ve planted royal fern in the Wallace Garden to help to illustrate the evolution of non-flowering plants.

We’ve also a wonderful sculpture on the Broadwalk inspired by the longevity of this amazing plant. ‘Osmunda – Living Fossil’ was sculpted from Kilkenny limestone by Glenn Morris.

This is one of 7 fascinating plants that will be featured on the Fascination of Plants Day guided walk on 18th May. Led by Bruce Langridge and the Garden’s curator Will Ritchie, the walk will begin at the Western entrance to the Great Glasshouse at 2pm.